The History about Iran’s Nuclear Program
The nuclear program of Iran became an issue on the international community, which follows the disclosure of their two previous unreported nuclear facilities back in 2002 on the month of August. Its two facilities that’s the uranium enrichment plant that’s located in Natanz and the heavy water reactor that’s based on Arak have two possible nuclear weapon applications.
Negotiations that were made between Western countries and also by Iran started in August 2002, which failed in producing long term solutions. Following with the negotiations that were made by the EU-3, which is UK, Germany and France, Iran then agreed later on in suspending all its uranium enrichment activities. Another thing is that the EU-3 acknowledged on its nuclear rights and promised as well to supply Iran with modern technology after this provided sufficient assurance on its international community about the nature of its nuclear program.
The said suspensions on its enrichment activity lasted in June 2005 after the made election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Iran later on resumed its uranium enrichment and be able to see more here.
Almost the same time, EU-3 then offered Iran the various benefits as its return of the permanent cessation of uranium enrichment as well as other activities based with the possible nuclear weapon applications. As an addition to its unpublished economic as well as political side, Iran was being offered a supply of nuclear fuel as an assurance of non aggression from the EU. However, Iran had rejected such offer and the Iranian nuclear officials considers this very insulting as well as humiliating.
Both EU and US made their move in having the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to refer Iran towards the United Nations Security Council for its possible sanctions.
In September 2009, Iran actually informed IAEA on the second uranium enrichment facility that’s still under construction near from the city of Qom. France, US and Britain issued a joint statement that argues on the disclosure about their secret facility, which they in fact say is a growing concern regarding the nuclear program of Iran. Iran however claimed it was really not required to inform IAEA regarding the new facilities until six months before Iran’s nuclear fuel is introduced. The IAEA also states that the delay of Iran submitting the information towards the agency does not contribute towards the building of confidence.
After the revelation, Iran also attended the negotiations with its representatives from its permanent members of the IAEA as well as the UNSC. After the talks, the IAEA then provided Iran with draft deals which sees Iran ships on the majority of the low-enriched uranium to Russia about their further enrichment and the fuel returned to Iran for the use of medical research as well as for cancer treatment. Iran also proposed some changes on its draft agreement, which however was rejected by the P5+1 and this deal went to nowhere.